Clinical Trial Results

by Dr. Petr Janata, University of California, Davis, Center for Mind and Brain

A randomized controlled music intervention was performed to examine effects of customized music programming on agitation and depression in a sample of assisted living facility residents. Music programs were streamed to the rooms of individuals assigned to a music group for ~3 hours/day across four time windows each day, 7 days/week for 12 weeks. Reductions (27–54%) in composite scores on the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory, Neuropsychiatric Inventory, and Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia were rapid and sustained in both groups, with more significant reductions observed during the mornings than in the evenings. The usual increase in depression scores from morning to evening was smaller for the group at which the music treatment was directed. Creating an almost omnipresent musical atmosphere directed at the musical preferences and listening histories of residents in an assisted living facility reduces average levels of agitation and depression throughout the facility.

In press – Journal, Music and Medicine.

For additional information, or questions regarding the trial, please contact David Schofman.

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